|Type of White-Collar Crime||Summary, Hybrid or Indictable Offence||Criminal Code|
|Fraud||Hybrid||Section 380 (1)|
|False Pretences||Hybrid||Section 362 (2)|
|Breach of Trust||Indictable||Section 336|
|Secret Commissions||Indictable||Section 426 (3)|
|Identity Theft or Fraud||Hybrid||Section 402 (5)|
|Bribery of Judicial Officers||Indictable||Section 119 (1)|
|Bribery of Officers||Indictable||Section 120|
|Frauds on the Government||Indictable||Section 121 (3)|
The above table is a list of common types of white-collar crimes, and is certainly not exhaustive. One important thing to note is that all of the above crimes are punishable as hybrid or indictable offences. This means that applicants who have been convicted for white-collar crimes are extremely likely to be criminally inadmissible, since hybrid crimes are considered equivalent to indictable crimes under IRPA, and both therefore cause inadmissibility. White-collar crime is a very large umbrella term, that encompasses things as small as altering a scale so that everything comes off as heavier at the cash register to something as big as embezzlement or insider trading for millions of dollars. Since the boundaries of what constitutes white-collar offences are so large, and difficult to define, it is safest to have a specialist see whether or not you qualify for entry, or are criminally inadmissible to Canada.
Many white-collar crimes constitute criminal inadmissibility; so if you want to make sure you can enter Canada, or if you want to find out how to overcome your criminal inadmissibility, fill out our free online assessment form here.
FWCanada is a Montreal-based immigration law firm that provides professional legal services on Canadian immigration. For more tips and updates on Canadian immigration follow FWCanada on Facebook, Twitter, and Linkedin.